International Training Programmes

During the triennium 2018 - 2020, the ongoing training programmes at international level will continue to be organized at the existing leading institutions in the member countries. These training programmes provide fully paid fellowships to the nominees of AARDO member countries. At present, more than 350 training fellowships at AARDO's training centres of excellence located in Bangladesh, Republic of China, Egypt, India, Republic of Korea, Malaysia, Pakistan, Philippines, Thailand and Zambia are available to AARDO annually. Further, in order to meet the needs of the member countries, new training programmes would be organized.

Republic of China (Taiwan)

AARDO has been collaborating with the Government of the Republic of China for training of its sponsored candidates in different fields of agricultural/rural development. The Government of the Republic of China awards twenty six (26) fellowships to AARDO annually. It meets all expenses involved in the training of AARDO sponsored candidates, which include both- ways airfare, board and lodging, tuition fee, study material and local transportation on study visits, etc. The training programmes are being organized in International Centre for Land Policy Studies and Training (ICLPST), ICDF and AVRDC.

i) International Centre for Land Policy Studies and Training (ICLPST), Taoyuan,

The Government of the Republic of China has been conducting a training programme on "Land Policy for Sustainable Rural Development" at the International Centre for Land Policy Studies and Training (ICLPST). The course is designed for the training of senior level officials or educators in land settlements, land reforms, cooperatives, agricultural development, agricultural credit, agricultural extension and supporting services and rural development planning. Keeping in view of the relevance of this programme to the needs of the member countries, collaborative arrangements have been made with the Government of the Republic of China during 1988 for training of AARDO sponsored candidates in the above field. Six (6) training slots are available annually for AARDO sponsored candidates.

ii) Taiwan International Cooperation and Development Fund (Taiwan ICDF)

A total number of Ten (10) slots are available annually for AARDO sponsored candidates for various other relevant training programmes organized under the Taiwan International Cooperation and Development Fund (Taiwan ICDF) during the current triennium of 2018 - 2020.

iii) Asian Vegetable Research & Development Centre (AVRDC)’s South and South East Asia/Oceania Centre, Bangkok, Thailand

The Asian Vegetable Research & Development Centre (AVRDC), The World Vegetable Centre, Taiwan, Republic of China, founded in 1971, is a non-profit International Agricultural Research Center and aims at alleviating poverty and malnutrition of the people in the developing countries through vegetable research and development and to increase production and consumption of nutritious and healthy vegetables. Since AVRDC and AARDO have common mutual interest in the field of agriculture and rural development and wish to cooperate, collaborate and complement each other’s efforts in these areas, they reached a mutual understanding to enter into a collaborative agreement in the form of an MoU in 2014. Under the MoU, the Centre allocates 10 fellowships for participants from AARDO member countries in its East and South East Asia Centre, Thailand. AARDO would meet both-ways airfare of the participants while the Government of Republic of China and AVRDC would bear expenses on boarding, lodging, tuition fee, study materials, field visits, etc.


i) Egyptian International Centre for Agriculture (EICA), Cairo

The Egyptian International Centre for Agriculture (EICA), is a premier research and training institute in Africa under the Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation, Government of the Arab Republic of Egypt and has been organizing a number of training programmes on different aspects of agricultural development. A wide variety of course syllabi have been designed to enable the participants, including AARDO sponsored trainees, to acquaint themselves with the latest techniques in agricultural development. These courses include:

Sl. No.Name of the Course
1 Poultry Production and Health
2 Integrated Rural Development
3 Animal Production and Health
4 Soil and Water Management
5 Fish Culture Development
6 Food Processing
7 Project Analysis
8 Vegetable Production
9 Integrated Pest Control & Cotton Production
10 Agricultural Services

The objectives of these programmes are not only to train in-service officials from Africa and Asia in various aspects of agriculture but also to bring together agricultural talents from different countries for a first-hand understanding and appreciation of each other's problems and help evolve, by pooling of knowledge, new techniques in agricultural development adapted to conditions of respective countries. Member countries have shown great interest in these courses.

As per the bilateral agreement, EICA provides forty (40) slots every year to AARDO for awarding fellowships to its member countries. AARDO's contribution is to meet both-ways airfare of each participant whereas the expenses on boarding, lodging, tuition fee, study materials, field visits, etc of the participants are met by EICA.

ii) Desert Research Centre (DRC), Cairo

drcThe Desert Research Centre (DRC) is a specialized agency for the development of desert and land reclamation for agricultural development under the Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation, Government of Egypt. The Centre has been promoting and efficiently implementing various projects and activities to secure agricultural/rural development in Egypt.

As per the Mutual Collaboration and Assistance Agreement (MCAA) signed between AARDO and DRC in 2006, a specialized programme on "Training and Study Visits on Desertification in Egypt" is organized annually at DRC exclusively for AARDO sponsored candidates. DRC provides fifteen (15) training fellowships every year to AARDO. AARDO's contribution is to meet both-ways airfare for each participant whereas the expenses on boarding, lodging, tuition fee, study materials, field visits, etc., of the participants are shared by AARDO and DRC. The course will focus on:

  • Introduction to Desertification and Combating,
  • Management and maintenance of ground water, in arid land;
  • Integrated management in the development and conservation of eco-system in arid land,
  • Developing and improving the animal husbandry in the desert areas,
  • Impact of desertification on food security,
  • Climate change and public awareness and promotion of agro industry in the desert areas,
  • Application on the Prediction of Sand Movement by Wind (using climatologically records), and
  • Range Management


The Government of India through the Ministry of External Affairs has been awarding a number of fellowships for the training of foreign nationals from developing countries in the premier Indian institutes through Indian Technical and Economic Cooperation (ITEC) programme under bilateral agreements. Keeping in view of the vast experience and technological know-how available in India in the field of Human Resources Development, arrangements have been made with the Government of India for the award of training fellowships to the officials from AARDO member countries. At present seventy (70) training fellowships are available to AARDO annually. These training slots are utilized for sponsoring candidates from AARDO member countries to the training courses being organized at National Institute for Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (ni-msme), Hyderabad, National Institute of Rural Development and Panchayati Raj (NIRD&PR), Hyderabad, Central Fertilizer Quality Control and Training Institute (CFQCTI), Faridabad, and South India Textile Research Association (SITRA),Coimbatore, etc. Training courses being organized at the above institutes are subject to changes from year to year by the respective institutes depending upon the training needs of the participating member countries.

AARDO's financial liabilities are to meet the expenses on both-ways airfare of its candidates participating in the various training programmes in the above institutions. The Government of India under the ITEC programme meets the expenses on boarding and lodging, tuition fee, books and other literature, and local travel.

i) National Institute for Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (Ni-msme), Hyderabad

NI-MSME, Hyderabad, has been set up as an apex institution in 1960 by the Government of India with the charter of assisting in the promotion of Small & Medium Enterprises (SMEs) mainly by creating a pro-business environment that would enable them to progress towards success and prosperity. With its vast expertise in the areas of entrepreneurship, technology, management, extension and information services, ni-msme has been organizing international training programmes to enable the SME's to cope with the continuously changing policy situation in the developing world. The following training courses are likely to be organized at ni-msme during the triennium 2018 - 2020:

Sl. No. Name of the Course
1 Communication Skills in English and Promotion of Micro, Small  and Medium Enterprises
2 Communication Skills in English and Promotion of Food Processing Enterprises 
3 Communication Skills in English and Information Systems & Services for SMEs
4 Communication Skills in English and ICT for Business Promotion of SMEs
5 Communication Skills in English and Capacity Building for providing Alternative Livelihood Opportunities for Poor,
6 Tourism and Hospitality Management,
7 Enterprise Development through Micro Finance
8 Promotion of Service Enterprises - Approaches and Strategies,
9 Empowerment of Women through Enterprises
10 Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) and Implications for SMEs
11 Training Methods and Skills for Managers
12 SME Financing - Approaches and Strategies,
13 Total Quality Management & ISO 9001: 2000/14001: 2004/BS 7799 & Six Sigma
14 Planning and Promotion of Agro and Food Enterprises,
15 Promotion of Micro Enterprises,
16 Promotion of Financial Markets,
17 Training of Trainers in Entrepreneurship and Skill Development, and
18 Micro Credit for Promotion of Sustainable SHG Livelihood

ii) National Institute of Rural Development and Panchayati Raj (NIRD&PR), Hyderabad

NIRD&PR is an apex Institution under the Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India for training, research, and consultancy in rural development. It is recognized nationally and internationally as a Centre of Excellence in Rural Development. The Institute has been actively engaged in international training, workshops and consultancy. In order to achieve this objective, the Institute is mandated to:

  • conduct and assist in the organization of training programmes, conferences,seminars and workshops for senior level development managers, and

  • undertake, promote and coordinate research on its own or through other agencies etc.

AARDO will sponsor candidates from its member countries to the following training courses that are planned to be organized at NIRD&PR during the trienn ium:

Sl.No. Name of the Course
1Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation of Rural Development Programme,
2Strategies and Programme for Poverty Alleviation in rural Areas,
3Impact of Climate Change on Food Security
4Rural Development Management and Good Governance,
5Participatory Rural Development,
6Natural Resource Management for Sustainable Rural Livelihood
7Geo-informatics for Sustainable Agriculture and Rural Development,
8Strategies for Sustainable Rural Development,
9Information Technology for Rural Development,
10Planning for Poverty Reduction & Sustainable Development, and
11Micro Finance for Poverty Alleviation

iii) Central Fertilizer Quality Control and Training Institute (CFQCTI), Faridabad

CFQCTI, Faridabad was set up during 1971-1972 under the auspices of the Department of Agriculture in the Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India. It undertakes inspection and analysis of indigenous and imported fertilizers, standardization and development of methods and analysis, training of fertilizer enforcement officers, and acts as reference laboratory and providing technical guidance to Central and State Governments on "Fertilizer Quality Control".

The Institute has designed an exclusive training programme on Fertilizer Quality Control for foreign participants of developing countries for seven weeks duration every year. AARDO will continue to sponsor trainees for this training programme during the triennium.

iv) The South India Textile Research Association (SITRA) , Coimbatore , India

SITRA, Coimbatore, a link in the chain of textile laboratories in India, has emerged as an important centre for international training to trainees from developing countries. In view of the rapid globalization and phase out of the quota-regime, the textile industry has to gear itself to meet the emerging trends of world trade. The thrust areas of research that the Association covers include (a) technology support for forward integration in spinning mills; (b) help to the decentralized sector in upgrading the technology; (c) assistance in production of technical yarns and textiles; (d) product development for exports; (e) promotion of cleaner technology in textile manufacturing; (f) suggestions for modification in machinery for energy conservation and quality improvement; and (g) help in development of human resources to adopt new technologies. AARDO will sponsor candidates from its member countries for participation in the following courses during the triennium 2018 - 2020:

Sl.No. Name of the Course
1 Textile Mill Management
2 Textile Testing and Quality Control

Republic of Korea

i) Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA), Seoul

The Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA) under the auspices of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade (MOFAT) implements grant aid and technical cooperation programme of the Government of the Republic of Korea, thereby contributing to strengthening the cooperative relationship between Korea and developing countries. KOICA’s mission to contribute to the enhancement of international cooperation in order to promote friendly cooperative relations and mutual exchanges between the Republic of Korea and developing countries; and to support social and economic development of developing countries by performing various cooperation programmes. The Agency plays an important role in the capacity building of the human resources among the developing countries, as they are the crucial elements for their sustainable economic development.

AARDO has an understanding with the Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA) for the organisation of an Advanced Training Course on "Sustainable Agricultural Development (SAD)" for twenty (20) AARDO-sponsored trainees annually. AARDO proposes to continue the programme during the triennium 2018-2020. During the triennium, the number of training slots in this programme will increase to twenty (20) including one AARDO official. The Programme will be fully paid by KOICA. On the request of KOICA, AARDO may depute 1-2 experts to deliver lecture during the programme. While KOICA will provide board & lodging and local transportation to the expert, AARDO will provide return journey air ticket and honorarium to the experts.

ii) Park Chung Hee School of Policy and Saemaul (PSPS), Yeungnam University, Republic of Korea

The Park Chung Hee School of Policy and Saemaul (PSPS), Yeungnam University, Republic of Korea has been established to share Korea's experiences in the socio-economic development with rest of the world, and thus contribute to the development of developing countries. The School is a professional educational and research institute and provides a supportive environment to develop global leaders who will play a crucial role in reducing poverty and working for the betterment of the world. The PSPS has students from over 50 different countries, more than 95 per cent being foreign nationals. It has long been organising the “Master’s Degree Programme” of one and a half year’s duration in five major disciplines.

Since AARDO and PSPS are committed to work towards poverty reduction, they decided to cooperate and collaborate with each other to build up capacities of young officials from AARDO member countries through their participation in the Master’s Degree Programme. Accordingly, both AARDO and PSPS entered into a Memorandum of Understanding in 2014. Under the MoU, AARDO has already begun nominating nominees from its member countries to 1½ year’s Master’s Degree Programme at PSPS in five major subjects. It is proposed to continue the programme during the triennium 2018-2020.


The Government of Malaysia has been transferring technology and know-how to developing countries by offering training fellowships to their nominees in the training programmes on different aspects of agriculture and rural development etc., at its various training institutes. AARDO has made arrangements with the concerned authorities in Malaysia for the training of its sponsored trainees from member countries in the field of Poverty Alleviation, and Advanced Technologies on Tropical Fruits Production & Post Harvest Techniques. Presently, twenty five (25) training fellowships are available for AARDO sponsored nominees.

i) Institute For Rural Advancement (INFRA), Darul Ehsan, Selangor

The Institute for Rural Advancement (INFRA), Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia was established under the Ministry of Regional and Rural Development, Government of Malaysia. INFRA is a training and research institution which bridges the gap between the world of development observers, the world of development practitioners and implementers. It is the Malaysian international centre for research and training in non-formal education and rural management programmes. INFRA's programmes and activities have been directed towards specific management of rural development institution. The training curriculum is focused on inculcating more positive target groups' participation in development process.

As per mutual understanding with the Government of Malaysia, AARDO has been regularly sponsoring nominees to the training course on "Localising the Anti-poverty Agenda: the Malaysian Experience" since 1998. The training course focuses on Malaysian experiences in the field of poverty alleviation and rural development. In the triennium 2018-2020, twenty five (25) training slots will be available annually for AARDO sponsored nominees for training programme on Rural Transformation.


International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), Laguna

bardIRRI, which was established in 1960 by the Ford and Rockfeller Foundation in the Philippines, is one of the non-profit international research centers supported by the Consultative Group on International Agriculture Research (CGIAR). The Institutes trains professionals in both traditional and new approaches to solve problems in rice production, distribution and utilization. IRRI addresses these needs through its training programmes. IRRI's specialized short-term group courses provide opportunities for scientists to develop research expertise and to transfer appropriate technologies and skill to their respective national systems.

AARDO has been sponsoring nominees to the ongoing training programmes of IRRI viz., Rice: Research to Production, Rice Breeding, Molecular Breeding, etc. The titles of the courses are subject to change on yearly basis. Since these programmes are based on the needs specifically of the rice growing member countries, AARDO proposes to sponsor five (05) candidates to the IRRI training programmes during the triennium 2018 - 2020. These programmes are fully financed by AARDO.

Workshops - Cum - Training Programmes

AARDO has designated the following centres of excellence where international workshop-cum-training programmes are being organized regularly:

• Bangladesh Academy for Rural Development, (BARD), Comilla, Bangladesh,

• Rural Development Academy (RDA), Bogra, Bangladesh

• Mulungushi University, Kabwe, Zambia, and

• Akhtar Hameed Khan National Centre for Rural Development (AHK-NCRD), Islamabad, Pakistan.

i) Bangladesh

Bangladesh Academy for Rural Development (BARD), Comilla

bardThe role of micro-credit in poverty reduction is well recognized throughout the world. Bangladesh is the place where the seedbed of micro-credit was prepared, experimented and flourished with the recognized system to serve the people. The Bangladesh Academy for Rural Development (BARD), the apex level institute in Bangladesh, undertakes research, training and consultancy on various aspects of rural development. It also introduced micro-credit in the early sixties. In order to share rich experiences of micro-credit in Bangladesh, AARDO signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Ministry of Local Government, Rural Development and Cooperatives, Government of Bangladesh and the Bangladesh Academy for Rural Development to organize a regional workshop-cum-training programme on Micro-credit Delivery System and Good Governance in Rural Development from the year 2010. Under the MoU, 20 nominees annually to the above programme. As regards to the financial liability, AARDO will bear expenses on international air travel whereas BARD and AARDO will jointly meet expenses on local hospitality including boarding, lodging transportation, study materials and study visits, etc.

The programme has been regularly organized since 2011. In fact, in 2013, the programme was upgraded to an international workshop. AARDO will continue organizing the programme at BARD during the triennium 2018 - 2020.

Rural Development Academy (RDA), Bogra

bardThe Rural Development Academy (RDA), established in 1974, and located in Bogra, Bangladesh, is a specialized national rural development institution for training, research and action research. The Academy is an autonomous institution officiated with the Ministry of Local Government, Rural Development & Co-operatives, Government of Bangladesh. It provides training aimed at creation of skilled and efficient manpower in the field of rural development. The broad areas of training include climate change adaptation & mitigation, institution building, agricultural development including fisheries, horticulture, livestock and poultry development, crop production, soil management, women in development, etc. The Academy is mainly undertaking research on farming, horticulture, floriculture, tissue culture, livestock, poultry, etc.

Recognizing RDA as a centre of excellence in the field of green innovation in agriculture for rural development, AARDO signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Rural Development and Cooperative Division (RDCD) of the Ministry of Local Government, Rural Development and Co-operatives, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh and the Academy on 19 January 2017.

Under the proposed MoU, a Regional/International Training Programme would be organised at RDA for the benefit of member countries with the provision for 20 training slots including one or two AARDO officials. The Programme will be of two weeks duration. AARDO will bear the travel cost of participants from their respective countries to Dhaka and back. The Rural Development Academy will provide the local hospitality for the participants including food and lodging, study materials and arrange study visit. The first programme was organised at RDA in 2018.

ii) Zambia

Mulungushi University, Kabwe

The Mulungushi University, located in Kabwe, Zambia is a leading institution of higher learning in Zambia. Its mission is to provide high quality education and generate knowledge and technological innovations relevant to national and regional development goals. It offers a wide range of degree, diploma and certificate programmes. The main objective of the University is to contribute to the attainment of sustainable growth and development in all fields of economic activity.

Considering that some of the activities of the University are very relevant for AARDO member countries, AARDO has entered into a Memorandum of Understanding with the University in 2009 under which both will cooperate with each other in all matters of common interest that arise in the field of disaster management training, agri-business and rural development issues. In line with the MoU, So far, one regional and two international training programmes on Disaster Management have been organized(till 2014) at the University . As regards to the funding of the programme, AARDO meets the expenses on the international airfare of the participants whereas the Mulungushi University provides local hospitality including boarding, lodging, transportation, study materials and study visits, etc. In view of the efficacy of the programme to the member countries, this training programme is being continued at the University during the triennium 2018 - 2020.

iii) Pakistan

Akhtar Hameed Khan National Centre for Rural Development (AHK-NCRD), Islamabad

ahkncrdAHK-NCRDis a federal training and research institution. The Centre, an autonomous apex institution focuses on human resource development and organizes workshops/seminars, training programmes besides conducting action research programmes. AARDO felt that some of the activities of the Centre are very relevant for AARDO member countries. Therefore, it signed a Mutual Collaboration & Assistance Agreement (MCAA) with AHK-NCRD for the (a) organization of international/regional training programmes, (b) organization of international/regional workshops and seminars, (c) conducting studies in member countries, (d) deputation of experts. The esteemed Government of Pakistan, in collaboration with AARDO, is annually organising an international workshop-cum-training programme on “Irrigation System and Water Management” at AHK NCRD since 2012. As per the arrangement, while AARDO will meet cost of international air travel of its sponsored candidates, AHK NCRD will bear expenses on their board & lodging, study visits, tuition fees, course materials, etc.

Considering the usefulness of the programme, AARDO will continue organizing the programme at AHK NCRD during the triennium 2018-2020.

New Training Programmes

In view of the needs of the member countries, it is proposed to diversify the Human Resource Development (HRD) activities in the triennium 2018-2020 through identification of needs based programmes, recommendations of the regional offices, and strategies highlighted in the “AARDO Declaration on Rural Development”. The new programmes could be organised at some of the selected centres of excellence in the member countries. The new training courses focusing on the following subjects may be organized on cost-sharing basis at the training institutes identified by AARDO. The courses can be entrusted to one or more centres of excellence collaborating with AARDO and can be considered in their curriculum.

i)   Solar and Wind Energy,
ii)   Promotion of Dairy,
iii)   Promotion of Fisheries,
iv)   Promotion of Sericulture,
v)   Impact of Climate Change on Food Security
vi)   Water Resource Management,
vii)   Post-harvesting Process and Value Addition,
viii)   Farm Implements and Tools,
ix)   Land Reclamation and Rural Development,
x)   Soil Conservation,
xi)   Awareness creation on the prevention of HIV/AIDS in Rural Areas,
xii)   Development and Production of Seedling and Planting Material for Horticulture Crops,
xiii)   Role of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) and Global Positioning System (GPS) in Agricultural and Rural Development,
xiv)   Community Bio-gas for Livelihood Improvement of Rural Poor,
xv)   Food Security with Special Focus on Quality,
xvi)   Convergence for Rural Development,
xvii)   Disaster Risk Management,
xviii)   Interest Free Micro-Financing for Poverty Alleviation,
xix)   Tele Centre as an Agent for Social Change,
xx)    Sustainability Issues in Poverty Reduction Strategies,
xxi)    Good Rural Governance,
xxii)   Entrepreneurship Development for Rural Women, 
xxiii)   Safe Drinking Water and Sanitation,
xxiv)    Integrated Approach for Poverty Alleviation,
xxv)    Agri-Business,
xxvi)    Organic Agriculture and Conservation Farming,
xxvii)    Agri-Marketing including Community Marketing and Retailing,
xxviii)    Promotion of Small Producers Organisations,
xxix)    Value Chain Management for Food, Vegetables and Flowers,
xxx)    Clean and Green Technology for Rural Development,
xxxi)    Establishment of Rural Technology Parks,
xxxii)    Mobile Vans for Testing of Soil and Water including Drinking Water,
xxxiii)    Establishment of Grain and Fodder Banks, 
xxxiv)    Promotion of Land Water Harvesting, and 
xxxv)    Low Cost Technology for Rural Housing